Trust & wealth planning
April 6, 2023

Planning for your wealth: Essential US wealth planning strategies

April 6, 2023
Citi Private Bank

Your wealth and family, as well as the tax, legal, and economic environment are constantly evolving. As such, your wealth planning needs to be dynamic too.

Creating a proper wealth plan is essential for the preservation of a family’s wealth and legacy. It is equally critical to ensure that a plan can adapt to changing circumstances. In 2022 and 2023, much has changed. Financial market moves and shifting laws have created both risks and opportunities. Wealth planning strategies that were previously attractive have become less so and vice versa.

There are various reasons for avoiding the creation and updating of wealth plans; however, the lack of planning or failure to update a plan may result, among other things, in:

  • Lack of protection of assets during your lifetime and thereafter
  • Inheritance disputes
  • Slow administrative procedures
  • Asset depletion
  • Avoidable taxes

Ideally, you should create a plan at the earliest opportunity and revisit it regularly or as warranted by changing circumstances. These may include changes in your family, your wealth, or the economic, legal, and tax environment. By acting sooner rather than later, you may be able to create tax savings, ensure that appropriate fiduciaries are in place and ensure that assets are distributed to desired beneficiaries. 

Exemption amounts for federal gift and estate tax have increased for 2023 to all-time highs of $12.92 million per individual ($25.84 million per married couple) up from $12.06 million and $24.12 million respectively in 2022. This year-over-year increase was more significant than those seen in recent years due to higher inflation. These amounts represent a significant opportunity for additional tax-free gifts for people who have already used their full lifetime gift tax exemption in previous years.

It is also important to note that under the current law, these exemption amounts are scheduled to decrease by about half at the beginning of 2026. However, the reduction could conceivably be greater and occur sooner, depending on whether new tax legislation is enacted.

At the same time, interest rates have increased significantly. This can impact existing wealth plans and certain popular wealth transfer strategies. Previously, many planning strategies relied upon low interest rates as a means to transfer wealth at low cost to future generations. But while  higher interest rates create challenges for certain strategies, they can also create new opportunities and increase the appeal of strategies that were less advantageous in a low interest rate environment.

This paper will highlight some of the challenges and opportunities arising from the current economic and political environment. We encourage clients to contact their Wealth Planner and independent professional advisors to ensure your plan is updated and ready to adapt to changing circumstances. 


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See our wealth planning insights and the issues that matter for your wealth.

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Neither Citigroup nor its affiliates provide tax or legal advice. Please consult with your independent tax advisor.